The New York Times May 26, 1935
NARCOTIC FARM FOR 1,400 OPENED
DR. Cumming Dedicates It to Our 'Instinctive Demands' for Care of Afflicted.
CENTRE COST $4,000,000
Government Hopes to Rebuild Addicts at 11-Acre Place in Lexington, Ky.
LEXINGTON, Ky., May 25 (AP).--- Dr. Hugh S. Cumming, Surgeon General of
the Federal Public Health Service, dedicated Lexington's newly completed Federal Narcotic
Farm today to "instinctive demands" of the American people "that the sick
and afflicted shall be set in the way of strength and hope."
Dr. Cumming described the $4,000,000 institution for the care of narcotic addicts as a centre of treatment, education, industry and rehabilitation.
The plant, with facilities to make it self-sustaining, covers eleven acres in the middle of a rich farm area of 1,100 acres in the bluegrass country. Construction has required three years. A companion institution is being erected at Fort Worth, Texas.
Segregation of narcotic addicts, Dr. Cumming said, bears a direct relationship to
policies of law enforcement and the protection of United States communities. Recognition
of the need for such specialization, he said, grew out of three centuries of evolution of
The lexington institution has facilities for 1,400 inmates. Four classes of narcotic addicts are to be received, those convicted of violating Federal laws, convicted persons who have completed their prison sentences, offenders on probation and voluntary patients.
The farm staff will number 350 employees, who will receive an annual payroll of about $500,000. Upkeep of the farm is estimated at $750,000 a year.
The United States, Dr. Cumming said, has led the world in its appreciation of the dangers of the abusive uses of narcotics. He cited an act of 1887 prohibiting the importation of non-medical opium, and the initiative of this country in obtaining international agreements to control narcotics manufacture and traffic.